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Monday, May 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of Ionization in high-temperature gases. found in the catalog.

Ionization in high-temperature gases.

Kurt Egon Shuler

Ionization in high-temperature gases.

A selection of technical papers based mainly on the American Rocket Society Conference on Ions in Flames and Rocket Exhausts held at Palm Springs, California, October 10-12, 1962.

by Kurt Egon Shuler

  • 60 Want to read
  • 15 Currently reading

Published by Academic Press in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ionization of gases.,
  • Gases at high temperatures.,
  • Rockets (Aeronautics) -- Ionization phenomena.,
  • Rocket engines -- Exhaust gas.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies.

    StatementEditor: Kurt E. Shuler. Associate editor: John B. Fenn.
    SeriesProgress in astronautics and aeronautics,, v. 12
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTL507 .P75 vol. 12
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiv, 409 p.
    Number of Pages409
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5889723M
    LC Control Number63023423
    OCLC/WorldCa745626

    MECHANISM OF BREAKDOWN OF GASES At normal temperature and pressure, the gases are excellent insulators. The current conduction is of the orderof A/cm2 This current conduction results from the ionization of air by the cosmic radiation and the radioactive substances present in theatmosphereand theearth. 20/09/ Very high degrees of ionization occur in some astrophysical settings (e.g., very- high-temperature gases). Ions that retain at least one bound electron can absorb or emit radiation, so producing spectral lines (emission and absorption lines) that differ in wavelength from those produced by neutral atoms.

    A chemical process during which the molecules of a gas dissociate into ions either by heat, electrical discharge, radiation, or chemical reaction is called ionization of gases. HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING(), 8th Sem. (Electrical), VSSUT MODULE-I (10 HOURS) Conduction and breakdown in gases: Gases as insulating media, Ionisation processes. Townsend current growth equation. Current growth in the presence of secondary processes. Townsend’s criterion for breakdown. Experimental determination of ionization.

    IUPAC Standard InChIKey: SWQJXJOGLNCZEY-UHFFFAOYSA-N CAS Registry Number: Chemical structure: This structure is also available as a 2d Mol file; Permanent link for this species. Use this link for bookmarking this species for future reference. gases. Ionization potential and W-values for different gases. After being created in the gas, electron-ion pairs are in the random thermal motion and diffuse away from the high density region. Different types of collisions happen between free electrons, ions and neutral gas molecules as shown in Fig. + + Charge transfer-Electron attachment e-.


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Ionization in high-temperature gases by Kurt Egon Shuler Download PDF EPUB FB2

Purchase Ionization in high-temperature gases. book in High-Temperature Gases - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1.

With the advent of space flight and space exploration and with the current research and development activities in plasma physics and magnetohydrodynamics, the subject of ionization in high-temperature gases has assumed an important place in the forefront of research.

A perusal of the table of contents will indicate the wide scope of problems in which ionization, i.e., the production of free electrons and ions. Electronic books Conference papers and proceedings Congresses: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Shuler, Kurt E.

Ionization in high-Temperature Gases. Burlington: Elsevier Science, © Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: Kurt E Shuler. Book Review: Ionization in high-temperature gases. Vol 12 of progress in astronautics and aeronautics.

SCHULER and J. FENN (Eds.): (Ed. Summerfield).Author: D.R. Bates. Ionization in high-Temperature Gases. Borrow eBooks, audiobooks, and videos from thousands of public libraries worldwide.

Ionization in high-temperature gases. A selection of technical papers based mainly on the American Rocket Society Conference on Ions in Flames and Rocket Exhausts held at Palm Springs, California, OctoberIonization in High-Temperature Gases August Ionized Gases: Physics of Ionizing Shock Waves in Monatomic Gases at Large Mach Numbers Rarefied Gas Dynamics, Parts I and II August Ionization Waves in Electrical Breakdown of Gases - Kindle edition by Lagarkov, A.N., Rutkevich, I.M.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Ionization Waves in Electrical Breakdown of Gases. In the years since the book of Lozanskii and Firsov "The Theory of Spark" [] was published, a number of experimental and theoretical studies in the physics of electric breakdown in gases were conducted.

As a result of these studies, the concept of a wavelike nature of breakdown initiated by. Full decomposition typically occurs at very high temperature, whereas at moderate and low (room) temperatures the plasma ispartially ionized.

A discharge is, in contrast, simply the conduction of current across an insulating gas, but, in practice, aself-sustaineddischarge typically. The average ionization energy of that gas is eV/ion pair.

The rate of ion-pair formation in the gas is calculated as. Thus × 10 5 ion pairs or × 10 5 electrons are produced by one alpha particle per second, corresponding to an electric charge of.

The study of cesium ionization at high gas temperature in a primary circuit Article (PDF Available) in Nuclear Engineering and Design October with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Theoretical models in which the concept of breakdown in a constant external field was developed were first exposed in the above-named book in the chapter "Development of a streamer regarded as an ionization wave," written by Rodin and Starostin.

This book treats the initial stage of electric breakdown as a wave pro­ cess. A series of miniature and micro ionizers were fabricated and used to examine micro discharges as such and as a means of ionization at atmospheric pressure.

Factors that affect resolution and stability of micro ion mobility spectrometers are discussed. This book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in micro discharges and ionization.

Physics of ionized gases / Boris M. Smirnov Includes bibliographical references and index ISBN (cloth: alk. paper) 1. Plasma (Ionized gases) 1.

Title. cm QCS dc’4 Printed in the United Kingdom 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1   Thermodynamic properties of ionized gases at high temperatures have been calculated by a new model based on local equilibrium conditions.

Calculations have been done for nitrogen, oxygen, air, argon, and helium. This paper describes shock‐tube studies of the optical index of refraction of ionized argon in which observed optical effects have been related to the ionization of the shocked argon.

The plasma dispersion formula has been applied to the measured refractivities to determine values of equilibrium electron concentrations on the order of cm−3. Good agreement is found between experimental.

Buy Ionization and breakdown in gases by Frank Llewellyn Jones online at Alibris. We have new and used copies available, in 0 edition - starting at $ Shop now. The Ionization Potential Saha’s basic premise was Saha’s basic that the stellar atmosphere is so hot and at such a low density that the constituent atoms are in their gaseous state and they behaved like a dilute classical gas, as in Maxwell’s kinetic theory.

premise was that the stellar atmosphere is so hot. The book also ponders on photoionization processes, photodetachment, and high temperature shock waves. The manuscript elaborates on electronic and ionic recombination, elastic scattering of electrons, and the motions of slow electrons in gases.

S.K. Chaulya, G.M. Prasad, in Sensing and Monitoring Technologies for Mines and Hazardous Areas, Flame Ionization Detector Theory.

The flame ionization detector (FID) is a standard instrument used in industry for measuring hydrocarbon gas concentration, but its response is either poor or nil to compounds such as H 2 S, CCl 4, or NH is mass sensitive, not concentration.A novel gas-ionization sensor based on aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

Guohua Hui 1, Lili Wu 1, Min Pan 1, Yuquan Chen 1, Ting Li 2 and Xiaobin Zhang 2. Published 20 September • IOP Publishing Ltd Measurement Science and Technology, Vol Number Oxygen molecular plasma at ambient temperature and elevated or high pressure Yuri Kornyushin Maître Jean Brunschvig Research Unit, Chalet Shalva, Randogne, CH Usually microscopic electrostatic field around ions is neglected when the ionization energy is concerned.

The ionization energy is considered to be equal to that of a separate atom.